Vegetable oils

What are vegetable oils

Vegetable oils are a natural product composed of various fatty acids obtained under pressure, providing numerous properties and uses, especially in sectors such as cosmetics and obtaining very effective natural cosmetic products.

Another outstanding advantage over other oils, such as essential oils, is that vegetable oils do not require certain precautions when using this type of oil.

How are vegetable oils obtained?

Vegetable oils are obtained from cold or hot pressing. On the other hand, they can also be obtained from extraction, but it is preferable to opt for cold-pressed vegetable oils.

Applications for vegetable oils

Uses in the cosmetics sector are usually as a prominent ingredient in the production of creams and homemade soaps. In addition, it is often combined with other oils to make products such as lotions or natural moisturizers for the skin.

We can also find vegetable oils such as coconut oil or linseed oil that are sold for the food sector.

Vegetable oils table

ORIGIN LINSEED OIL COCONUT CASTOR OIL

ANALISYS METHOD

UNITS LINOCYP C LINOCYP N LINOCYP B COCOCYP RNT RICYP F
COLOUR
AOCS Td 1 a 64
GARDNER MAX. 13 MAX. 5 MAX. 13 MAX. 2 MAX. 4
ACID VALUE
ISO 660
mg KOH/gr. MAX. 4 MAX. 1 MAX. 5 MAX. 0,4 MAX. 3
SAPONIFICATION VALUE
ISO 3657
mg KOH/gr. 188-195 188-195 185-195 250-265 175-185
IODINE VALUE
ISO 3961
gr.l/100 gr. MIN. 175 MIN. 175 MIN. 170 7-12 80-90
MELTING POINT
ISO 6321
º C - - - 24-27 -
REFRACTIVE INDEX
UNE 55015
a/at 20ºC 1,479-1,484 1,479-1,484 1,479-1,484 - 1,476-1,481
PEROXIDE VALUE
ISO 3960
meq/kg - - - MAX. 1 -
GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY  ISO 5508/12966-2
CAPROIC ACID C-6 %
- - - MAX. 1 -
CAPRILIC ACID C-8 %
- - - 4-9 -
CAPRIC ACID C-10 %
- - - 3-8 -
LAURIC ACID C-12 %
- - - 42-52 -
MYRISTIC ACID C-14 %
- - - 16-21 -
PALMITIC ACID C-16 %
4-8 4-8 - 7-12 1-3
STEARIC ACID C-18 %
2-6 2-6 - 2-5 1-3
OLEIC ACID C-18:1 %
16-23 16-23 - 6-10 4-7
LINOLEIC ACID C-18:2 %
13-18 13-18 - 1-3 5-8
LINOLENIC ACID C-18:3 %
50-60 50-60 - - MAX. 2
OTHER FATTY ACIDS   %
MAX. 1 MAX. 1 - - -
RICINOLEIC ACID  C-18:1OH %
- - - - MIN. 80